European Orchids in Nature
Reviews of important Books on this website:
The newest book titles are preceded by ***
- Atlas des Orchidées Sauvages de Haute-Normandie.
- Cypripedium calceolus (monograph) - S.O.F.
- *** Die Orchideengattung Gymnadenia - Eccarius W.
- Die Orchideen Österreichs - by Norbert Griebl.
- Field Guide to the Orchids of Europe and the Mediterranean
                                      by Rolf Kühn, Henrik AE. Pedersen & Philip Cribb.
- Guide des Orchidées d’Europe, d’Afrique du Nord et du Proche-Orient.
- Heimische Orchideen.
- Heimische Orchideen in Wort und Bild - by Norbert Novak.
- *** Orchidées d'Europe - fleur et pollinisation.
- Les Orchidées de France, Belgique et Luxembourg.
- *** Orchidées de France, de Suisse et du Benelux. - Pierre Delforge.
- Les Orchidées sauvages de France.
- Ophrys, the bee orchids of Europe.
- Orchideen, die orchideen Mitteleuropas und der Alpen - by H. Presser.
- Orchideenparadiese Europas - Norbert Griebl.
- Orchideeën van Europa – Speciaal bewerkt voor Nederland en België.
- Orchids of Central Spain (Cuenca Province) - A Field Guide
                                      by Agustín Coronado Martínez & Eduardo Soto Pérez.
- Orchids of the Maltese Islands. - Stephen Misfud.
- *** Orchids of Romania. - Nora De Anghelli & Dan Anghelescu.
- The Flower of the European Orchid, form and function.
- Wild Orchids of the Algarve - by Sue Parker.
Take a look at:
* Orchids in Romania

* http://www.europese-orchideeë
* Orchideeënreis naar Noord-Spanje (only in Dutch): klik hier!
Poster + booklet 'Endemic Orchids in Belgium'
- Poster in Dutch (Nederlands): click here!

- Poster in French (Français): click here!
Pictures of 88 European Orchid species & natural hybrids
Please note that in some genera species determination is not evident at all,
and for sure in Dactylorhiza, Epipactis and Ophrys.
November 2019: photos of 11 new species in genera
                         Anacamptis, Himantoglossum, Ophrys, Orchis and Platanthera.
Cephalanthera Gymnadenia Ophrys
Coeloglossum Herminium Orchis
Cypripedium Limodorum Pseudorchis
Dactylorhiza Malaxis Serapias
some natural hybrids: click here!
Cypripedium calceolus-show: click here!
other flowers and fauna on orchid sites: click here!
European Ochids show: click here!
Click on the photo below to see more.
Very beautiful pictures of Ophrysses pollinated by insects:
Wasps and Ophrysses by Nico Vereecken!!!
NEW!!! Les Orchidées à Gèdre - Gavarnie: click here!










Contact: Rik Neirynck all pictures on this pages are © Rik Neirynck except other mention is made.
Anacamptis (Orchis) coriophora 
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase
Anacamptis (Orchis) laxiflora 
(Lam.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase
Anacamptis morio
(L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Anacamptis (Orchis) palustris 
(Jacq.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

new on this site
papilionacea subsp. expansa
(Ten.) Amardeilh & Dusak
Anacamptis pyramidalis (L.) Rich.

Cephalanthera damasonium (Miller) Druce
the flowers are opening very exceptionally

Cephalanthera longifolia (L.) L.C.M. Richard Cephalanthera rubra (L.) Fritsch
Coeloglossum viride (L.) Hartmann   Corallorrhiza trifida Châtelain

Cypripedium calceolus L.

more photos of the yellow form:
click the photo.

click here for MOVIE

Dactylorhiza alpestris (Pugsley) Averyanov Dactylorhiza angustata
(Avet-Touvet) D. Tyteca & Gathoye
Dactylorhiza cruenta
(O.F. Müller) Soó
Dactylorhiza elata (Poiret) Soó
Dactylorhiza fuchsii (Druce) Soó Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) Soó Dactylorhiza incarnata (L.) Soó
var. hyphaematodes (Neuman) Landwehr
Dactylorhiza maculata (L.) Soó Dactylorhiza majalis (Rchb. pat.)
P.F. Hunt & Summerhayes
Dactylorhiza praetermissa
(Druce) Soó
Dactylorhiza saccifera
(Brongniart) Soó
Dactylorhiza sambucina (L.) Hartmann

Epipactis atrorubens
(Hoffmann ex Bernhardi) Besser

Epipactis atrorubens (Hoffm. ex Bernh.) Besser f. sirneensis Neirynck
Epipactis helleborine (L.) Crantz
(this is the most common orchid in Europe)
Epipactis purpurata Sm. Epipactis leptochila
(Godfery) Godfery
Epipactis palustris
(L.) Crantz

Goodyera repens
(L.) R. Brown

Gymnadenia conopsea
(L.) R. Brown
Gymnadenia odoratissima
(L.) L.C.M. Richard
Gymnadenia (Nigritella) austriaca
(Teppner & Klein) Delforge
Gymnadenia (Nigritella) miniata
(Crantz) Hayek
Herminium monorchis
(L.) R. Brown
Himantoglossum hircinum
(L.) Sprengel
new on this site
robertianum(Loisel.) P. Delforge
Limodorum abortivum (L.) Sw.
Malaxis monophyllos
(L.) Swartz
Neottia (Listera) cordata
(L.) R. Brown

Neottia nidus-avis (L.) L.C.M. Richard
Neottia (Listera) ovata (L.) R. Brown

Neotinea ustulata (L.) R.M.Bateman, Pridgeon & M.W.Chase

Ophrys apifera Hudson

Ophrys apifera Hudson

new on this site
atlantica Munby
new on this site
bombyliflora Link
new photos
(F.W. Schmidt) Moench
ssp. fuciflora
Ophrys fusca Link
ssp. fusca
Ophrys insectifera L.
ssp. insectifera
Ophrys insectifera L.
ssp. O. subinsectifera (Hermosilla & Sabando)
O. Bolos & Vigo

Ophrys lutea Cav. subsp. lutea

new on this site
ssp. dyris (Maire)
Del Prete
Ophrys scolopax Cav.
ssp. scolopax
Ophrys scolopax Cav. ssp. apiformis new on this site
ssp. galilaea
(H. Fleischm. & Bornm.) Soó
Ophrys speculum Link ssp. speculum Ophrys sphegodes ssp. 1 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. 2 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. 3 Ophrys sphegodes ssp. 4
new on this site
sphegodes ssp. 5
new on this site
sphegodes ssp. 6

(aberant form)
new on this site
tenthredinifera Willd.
new on this site
× arachnitiformis
Gren. & Phillipe
Ophrys x brigittae
H. Baumann
Orchis anthropophora (L.) All. new on this site
italica Poir.
Orchis mascula (L.) L.
Orchis mascula ssp. speciosa (Mutel) Hegi
Orchis militaris L. new on this site
olbiensis Reut. ex Gren.
Orchis purpurea Hudson Orchis simia Vill. Platanthera bifolia (L.) L.C.M. Richard
Platanthera chlorantha
(Custer) Reichb.f.
new on this site Platanthera xhybrida Brügger
(P. bifolia x P. chlorantha)
  Pseudorchis albida
(L.) Á.Löve & D.Löve
Serapias cordigera L. Serapias lingua L. Serapias parviflora Parl. Serapias vomeracea (Burm.f.) Briq.   Traunsteinera globosa
(L.) Reichb.f.
    natural hybrids